The CBD Oil Guide 2022: Benefits and Dosage

cbd

CBD (cannabidiol) exists in different forms such as flowers, CBD liquids, food products, creams, crystals, capsules, suppositories…  without forgetting one of its most known and used forms: oil. Indeed, mixed with a fatty substance, CBD develops and maximizes its properties. A few drops of oil a day are enough to benefit from the properties of hemp well-being.

HOW TO CONSUME CBD OIL?

CBD oil is mainly consumed sublingually, i.e. under the tongue. The molecule is then absorbed by the mucous membranes: this is the process that allows you to benefit most quickly from the effects and benefits of CBD (followed by inhalation, then ingestion).  Place the number of drops you need under the tongue and leave on for 45 seconds to 1 minute before swallowing. The effects are felt after 25 to 30 minutes.

WHAT ARE THE EFFECTS AND BENEFITS OF CBD OIL?

Why take CBD? CBD reduces anxiety and stress, promotes falling asleep and allows better quality sleep. . CBD soothes and relieves inflammation: muscular, arthritic or chronic pain. CBD can also be used topically to relieve skin inflammation.
Does CBD Get High? CBD has no psychotropic effects and is not addictive.

CBD OIL USE: WHAT DOSAGE, WHAT DOSAGE?

CBD oil is highly regarded for its benefits. But how is it used and how often?
To date, no health organization has recommended dosage for CBD.
It is recommended to start with a low concentration and gradually increase the dosage according to the desired and felt effects. The dosages can vary from one person to another according to their weight, their body, their needs…

HOW TO CHOOSE MY CBD OIL?

By choosing your CBD oil, you also choose:
– the ideal concentration of CBD
for your body, i.e. the content in milligrams of CBD: 5%, 10%, 20%, 30%… – the fatty substance associated with CBD ( hemp seed, MCT, essential oil…)
– the presence or absence of THC in the product (broad-spectrum or full spectrum)
– the quality of your oil and therefore its effectiveness.

Extraction, dosage, benefits, dosage, conservation… A brief overview of useful information to know about CBD oils, and true well-being allies.

WHAT IS CBD OIL? 

CBD oil is an essence obtained by the extraction of cannabidiol obtained mainly from the flower of the cannabis plant.

Hemp seed oil, on the other hand, is a vegetable oil obtained by cold pressing the seeds of the cannabis plant (hempseed). Hemp oil is used both in cooking and in cosmetics, it has many virtues.
The two oils are blended to provide wellness effects. Why?

CBD OIL AND HEMP OIL: PRESENTATION

CBD oil and hemp seed oil are both extracted from the cannabis plant, but from a different part of the plant: the flowers and the seeds. Hemp oil (extracted from the seeds) does not contain the active principles (terpenes, flavonoids, phyto-cannabinoids) of cannabis which are present mainly in the flowers and trichomes.

CBD oil: obtained by extracting hemp flower when hemp seed oil comes from the cold pressing of hemp seeds .

CBD is lipophilic, this means that it not only retains fatty substances and can therefore easily be mixed with it, but also that these fatty substances allow it to activate its properties and therefore maximize its effects. The reason why CBD oil is mixed with a fatty substance to benefit from the properties of cannabidiol (hemp seed oil, MCT oil, olive oil, essential oil…).

CBD oil is marketed in different concentrations and is often combined with other vegetable oils (hemp seed oil, olive oil, essential oil). Unlike flowers, which contain between 3% and 6% CBD (in France), oil is a mode of consumption that offers higher concentrations of natural CBD, up to 45%.

WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF CBD OIL?

Many studies are currently underway on the benefits, virtues, and uses of cannabidiol.
Cannabidiol is increasingly popular for its well-being properties, it is particularly consumed for:

  • its anti-inflammatory effects
  • reduce anxiety and stress
  • regulate muscle pain and promote recovery, especially in sports
  • reduce skin inflammation, acne, psoriasis, eczema… by local application
  • hydrate hair and skin

CBD is mixed with a fatty substance without the latter modifying the properties of CBD. However, each has its own attributes that can guide the consumer’s choice.

Hemp seed oil is rich in omega 3 and omega 6, two fatty acids that our body does not produce naturally and which are essential for our organism. It also contains vitamin E with antioxidant properties. Hemp seed oil is obtained by cold extraction of hemp seed.

CBD olive oil contains CBD oil and olive oil (cold-pressed olives). Olive oil is renowned for its many health and longevity benefits. It is rich in vitamin E with antioxidant properties, and vitamin K, a vitamin that helps strengthen bones and limit blood clotting.

MCT ( Medium Chain Triglyceride ) coconut oil is made from two fatty acids found in coconut oil. It is quickly transformed into ketones, real fuels for the brain, heart, organs, and muscles. It thus makes it possible to fill up with energy without storing fatty acids and also promotes digestion.

Finally, it is also a matter of taste. A hemp seed oil will have a more pronounced and herbaceous taste, a CBD olive oil is milder and slightly suave and a coconut MCT oil will have a neutral taste.

CBD OIL: CONCENTRATION AND DOSAGE

CBD oil 5%, 10%, 20%, 30%?   The difference between CBD percentages in oils is explained by the milligram (mg) content in the finished product. These are the same hemp extracts used, only their concentration in the finished product varies.

The maximum recommended daily limit is 20 mg/kg or 1600 mg per day for a person weighing 80 kg. This is very far from the average consumption of CBD users, which oscillates between 20 mg and 70 mg / day .

To date, no health organization has recommended dosage for CBD. In general, its effects are felt from 20-40 mg per day. These dosages can vary from one person to another depending on their weight, body, and needs. In addition, there is a maximum recommended daily limit of 20 mg/kg or 1600 mg per day for a person weighing 80 kg. This is very far from the average consumption of CBD users, which oscillates between 20 mg and 70 mg/day.

It is recommended to start with a low concentration and gradually increase the dosage according to the desired and felt effects.

The effectiveness of CBD is not linear, it is represented in the form of a bell: it has been shown that consuming more CBD than necessary reduces the effectiveness of CBD ( study published in 2017 at Front Pharmacol ).

CBD oils: What concentrations in mg per oil and per drop?

The oils in the 10 ml format contain an average of 200 drops.

For 200 drops 5% 10% 20%
Oil 10ml 500 mg 1000 mg 2000 mg
1 Drop = 2,5 mg 5 mg 10 mg

To understand well :

A 10ml CBD oil 10% contains 1000mg of CBD A drop of 10% CBD oil contains 5mg of CBD 

What are the equivalences between the oils?

Two drops of 5% CBD oil correspond to one drop of 10% CBD oil.
Four drops of 5% CBD oil correspond to one drop of 20% CBD oil.

cbd-oil-drops

CBD OIL DOSAGE:

Research by Juliana Birnbaum  and Leonardo Leinow on CBD has highlighted three categories of CBD dosage:

  • The micro-dose (or low dose), from 0.5 mg to 20 mg of cannabidiol per day, is suitable for sleep disorders, and mood disorders, to fight against stress, nausea or even headaches.
  • The standard dose of CBD is 10mg to 100mg per day. It is a recommended dosage for pain, inflammation, depression, and anxiety. It can also be effective in cases of fibromyalgia, arthritis, Crohn’s or Lyme disease, multiple sclerosis or certain forms of autism.
  • The macro-dose (or strong dose), is defined as taking CBD from 50 to 800 mg per day, in the case of more serious pathologies (cancer, epilepsy, liver disease, etc.).

As indicated above, the dosage depends on the weight and body of each. 

CBD oil: how to use and dosage

CBD oils are consumed in different forms: sublingual, food, and local application.

  • By applying a few drops under the tongue

This is generally the mode of administration preferred by users.
By pressing the cap with a dropper pipette, place between 2 and 5 drops 1 to 3 times a day directly under the tongue. Leave on for 30 seconds to 1 minute, before swallowing. This method of administration allows you to benefit from the effects of CBD in less than 30 minutes.
It is recommended to start with a low concentration and if necessary, to gradually increase the dosage according to the desired and felt effects, until you find your ideal dosage.
You can swallow the product with a glass of water.

  • By applying it to the skin (local route)

You can use CBD oils on the skin (local route). The anti-inflammatory action of cannabidiol makes it an excellent ally for relieving skin conditions characterized by inflammation (acne, eczema, psoriasis, etc.).  Moisturizing and very nourishing, they are perfect for sensitive skin. A few drops can also be added to your cosmetic products: shampoo, castor oil, argan oil…

  •  By adding a few drops to your diet

It is possible to mix CBD oils with your cooking recipes while respecting the dosages. However, be careful not to heat the oil to avoid altering the properties and effects of the molecule. Thus, you can put a few drops of CBD oil on sugar, in your salads, on a piece of bread, in your yogurt or in your fruit juices.

It takes about two hours before feeling the effects, and yes this mode of consumption requires that digestion takes place and that the cannabidiol passes through the digestive mucous membranes.

HOW TO CHOOSE YOUR CBD OIL?

There are different types of CBD oil because there are several methods to extract the active ingredients from cannabis. CBD is not the only cannabinoid in the hemp plant, there are hundreds of others. And each process will make it possible to extract a more or less broad spectrum of molecules, to obtain, depending on the process used, a full-spectrum, broad-spectrum oil, or CBD isolate.

The effectiveness of a CBD oil depends on the quality of the hemp extracts that compose it.

cbd-oil-benefits

There are different types of CBD oils:

  • Full-spectrum oil

The full-spectrum oil bears this name because its extract contains all the phyto-cannabinoids (CBD, CBDV, CBG, CBC…), a very small amount of THC, as well as terpenes and flavonoids, allowing you to enjoy the entourage effect of the plant.

The entourage effect implies that the association between the different components of cannabis can increase (or regulate) the effect of each component, often improving the effect compared to taking the cannabinoid in isolation. Cannabinoids would reveal even more effective when they are consumed together rather than isolated and would act effectively on the endocannabinoid system ( set of membrane receptors located on the surface of cells). 

  • Broad-spectrum oil

The broad-spectrum, consists of an additional extraction step, to eliminate all traces of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Terpenes and flavonoids, which contribute to the taste and smell of the product, are preserved. The entourage effect remains but is deemed to be limited compared to the full spectrum.

  • CBD oil isolated (isolate)

CBD isolate (isolate) is the result of the isolation of the CBD molecule either by natural extraction or by the production of a synthetic CBD molecule. This process is mainly used in the medical world to target a specific effect of CBD. However, the isolate has a disadvantage compared to a whole natural extract of the cannabis plant. According to a study published by the scientist Lumir Hanus in the magazine Pharmacology & Pharmacy, the natural or synthetic isolate is subject to a “bell curve” phenomenon: the therapeutic efficacy of the molecule is only activated with a dosage very precise difficult to determine. Below or above this dosage, the molecule will have no effect.

This phenomenon does not concern the whole natural extracts of the cannabis plant which act in an increasing way according to the quantity used.

You should also be wary of certain synthetic isolates that are created for recreational purposes (designer drugs). They can be dangerous for health and are unfortunately present in certain oils and E-liquids which are marketed. The persistent legal vagueness around CBD leads to a lack of supervision and legislation around these practices.

HOW TO STORE CBD OIL?

Like any natural product, CBD oil is a sensitive product that fears light and heat. To preserve its effectiveness and properties, be sure to keep your bottle in a cool place away from light between 15° and 20° degrees. After opening, the oil should be used within six months. Indeed, after this period, CBD oil remains consumable but its active ingredients begin to break down.

Also, be sure to keep your CBD oil out of the reach of children and pets.

For any therapeutic use of CBD oil, you should consult your physician.

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